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The Options When Preparing and Building a Concrete Floor

Shot Blasting Technology

When it comes to preparing and building a concrete floor, a builder has several options, both when it comes to the structure of the floor itself and the type of concrete used.

The first option is a floor made of solid concrete. This type of floor can only be placed on the ground floor. The second type of floor is one made of suspended, precast concrete. In this floor, the builder uses suspended beams made out of concrete that are then filled with building blocks or forms. Floors made this way can be placed both on ground floors and on higher floors.

Preparation Sand Blasting

Shot blasting is a way to prepare a concrete floor for coatings and sealants. During this process, a wheel blasts steel shot at the concrete floor, which etches it and allows any coating to adhere to it more effectively. A vacuum then removes both the shot and any dust from the floor. You can read more about sand blasting and other floor preparation techniques at the BTL Shot Blasting website, industry leaders in shot blasting and other concrete floor related projects.

Preparation Sand Blasting

When it comes to concrete itself, there are even more kinds to choose from:

• The builder can opt for lightweight concrete, which range from 300 to about 1850 kilograms per cubic meter. Regular concrete weighs between 2200 to 2600 kg/m3. Light weight makes the construction go faster and lowers costs. Lightweight concrete also conducts heat less than normal weight concrete and so can save the building owner money when it comes to energy costs. It also reacts better to the freeze/thaw cycle, resists blasts better, absorbs sounds and shocks better and isn’t as subject to cracking as it settles.

• Mass concrete is used because it’s more durable and economical than regular concrete. However, it traps heat, so the builder has to make sure that the concrete doesn’t crack because of fluctuations in temperature.

• Ready Mixed Concrete
This type of concrete is made at the plant then brought to the construction site. This type of concrete has an advantage over site mixed concrete in that it’s generally of better quality, doesn’t need to be stored, can be precisely measured and doesn’t produce much waste or pollution. The construction workers are also freed from having to make it on site, and the construction proceeds quickly.

• Vacuum Concrete
In this method, concrete is poured into a frame that has a vacuum mat. This mat takes away any unneeded water. This allows the concrete to cure much faster than it otherwise would. Vacuum concrete also has a considerably greater crushing strength.

These are some options builders can use to create strong, durable and attractive concrete floors.

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